Asthma is a chronic condition that usually diagnosed early in life. They are mostly diagnosed before the age of seven. This condition varies in severity, has multiple signs and symptoms, and a list of complications. Asthma is a life-threatening disease in certain countries with inadequate health facilities. It’s common respiratory problems and responsible for many hospital admissions, especially among kids and teenagers. Asthma treatment always needed every time the preventive measures fail.
Asthma runs in the family and this disease may cause death without adequate treatment. It’s always better to prevent rather than cure. First, you must know the symptoms of asthma. They are:
- Rapid breathing
- Shortness of breath
- Chest indrawings
- Bluish discolouration of the skin or mouth
- Skin lesions(eczema)
- Symptoms worsen at night and early morning
- Noisy breathing
- Symptoms worsen by exercise
Prevention is better than cure. Avoiding the triggers and allergens will help in preventing an asthma attack. The triggers and allergens are:
- Cold weather
- Dust mite
- Pet dander
- Certain food
- Fumes from perfumes or cleaning agents
- Certain medications like antihypertensives
After knowing when to act and what to avoid, let’s go through other ways to prevent and fight asthma. They are:
- Asthma diary
- Compliance to follow-ups and check-ups
- Proper techniques in using inhalers
- Consume medications on time
1- Asthma diary
Asthma’s diary is where you record all the details about your conditions in between follow-ups. It must include your daytime symptoms, nighttime symptoms, exacerbating factors, triggers, needs for inhalers and also PEFR readings.
2- Compliance to follow-ups and check-ups
You must always come regularly for check-ups and follow-ups as this disease is dynamic. Asthma treatment is also dynamic. Your doctor might need to reduce or increase your doses, depending on your current condition. Your doctor might reduce or add some new medications if necessary.
3- Proper techniques in using inhalers
One of the anti-asthmatic medications is inhalers. There are various types of inhalers which are colour coded to make it easier to recognize. Inhalers demand good hand-breathing coordination to achieve the desired effect. You can ask your doctor to demonstrate it to you and practice it accordingly. Make it a habit to re-check your techniques every time you visit a doctor.
4- Consume medications on time
This is so important especially for medications that have a specific schedule or time for you to take. This is to ensure the optimum level of the medications are readily there in your body to act accordingly. This is also important in preventing unnecessary side effects following overdosage.
In asthmatic patients whose conditions worsen following exercise, avoid vigorous physical activities or get advice from a doctor about what kind of physical activities are allowed. Generally speaking, light to moderate physical activities should be fine for most of the asthmatic patients.
One of the best exercises for asthmatic individuals is swimming. It helps to strengthen your muscles including your respiratory muscles which benefit you in dealing with asthma. Swimming is also good at burning calories. The only thing is, please do not swallow the water from the pool as that might harm you.