According to the Cancer Council, in 2015, nearly 14,000 Australians were diagnosed with skin cancer melanoma. Two out of three Australians are diagnosed with some form of skin cancer by the time they reach 70. This is an alarming statistic.
Types of Cancer:
There are three different types of skin cancer, according to a leading Australian authority on skin cancer, Sun Doctors Skin Cancer Clinics, Basal and Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Melanoma.
- Basal Cell Carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer and occurs on skin that gets the most exposure and on people with fair hair and light eyes like blue and green.
- Squamous Cell Carcinoma is more serious as it can destroy underlying tissue if not treated and can metastasize to other organs and be fatal.
- Melanoma is a serious form of skin cancer; it can affect anyone at any age and may appear on any area of the body. They may be pre-existing in the form of a mole or appear suddenly. They can spread to other organs so it’s critical to seek immediate treatment. More information is available if you visit website.
Reducing Skin Cancer Occurrences:
It’s important to know the three C’s of skin cancer, the cause, cure and care if we are going to reduce the number of individuals that are diagnosed with skin cancer each year.
Skin cancer appears when the skin is subjected to ultraviolet rays from the sun. 95% of melanomas are caused by these rays. Sun exposure and sunburns damage skin cells which can lead to increased risk of skin cancer. Sun exposure, that doesn’t result in a burn can lead to skin damage, so any time your skin is exposed, even in cloudy or overcast weather, your skin is subject to damaging rays.
You may think that having a tan is the sign of good health, but it damages your skin leading to an elevated risk of skin cancer, wrinkles, lines and discolouration. Tanning booths that emit UVA and UVB radiation should be avoided at all costs and in many cities now, they are banned.
According to skincancer.org, the best way to combat skin cancer is through early detection. Self-exams and seeing your dermatologist on a regular basis to check any moles that look abnormal.
One of the leading authorities on the skin and other forms of cancer, The Mayo Clinic, states that there are a variety of treatments available once they know the “type, size, depth and location of the lesion”. Based on the physicians’ diagnosis, you may be treated for the lesion by freezing, excisional surgery, Mohs surgery for larger, reoccurring or difficult to treat skin cancers.
Professionals go on to state that “cutter age, electrodesiccation or cryotherapy treatments are often used after most of the cancer cells are removed. When traditional treatments don’t completely remove the cancer cells, radiation therapy may be used, and often chemotherapy drugs are used.
Following skin cancer treatment, you may need to alter your habits, especially when it comes to exposure from the sun. It’s best to be proactive in your overall healthcare following any skin cancer occurrences. Here are some behaviours to consider:
- Reduce time in the sun to avoid getting sunburned.
- Avoid the use of tanning beds
- Cover up your skin as much as possible with clothing, hats and UV-blocking sunglasses.
- Use a sunscreen of at least SPF 15 or higher daily. For prolonged periods of time in the sun, use SPF 30 and repeat every 2 hours.
- Examine your skin every month.
- Make regular visits to your dermatologist